What is Travertine ?
Travertine is a form of limestone that is deposited by mineral springs, mostly hot. Travertine has a type of concrete appearance. The most popular colors travertine comes in are white, tan, and a variety of cream colors. The process that is used to created travertine is called, rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate. It is often found at the mouth of a hot spring or a limestone cave. It is mostly popular in Italy as a building material. Travertine is also a sedimentary rock. Organisms are combined naturally that give travertine its distinct look. Modern travertine is made by geothermally heating supersaturated alkaline water. Alkaline water is a type of water ionizer. Depending on how the travertine was produced, it will affect its color. Pure travertine is white, but travertine that has a brown or yellow tint to it is due to its impurities.
Italy is known for its abundance of travertine. It is found in Tivoli and Guidonia Montecelio. The travertine is dated back to Ancient Roman times. It has a historic background because Gian Lorenzo Bernini selected this material to build Saint Peters Square in Rome, Italy. Michelangelo also used travertine in some of his art work. The name travertine comes from a town, known as Tibur back in the ancient Roman days. Natural lakes in Turkey are formed behind travertine. Travertine is a world wide product that was an important building material since the Middle Ages. Travertine formed about sixteen natural dams in Croatia. It also helped build waterfalls up to 230 feet high. In the United States travertine is found in the historic, Yellowstone Natural Park. It is also found in Oklahoma, and Texas including, Indonesia.
Travertine is a universal building material. It is used for building temples, aqueducts, monuments, bath complexes and famous architecture buildings such as the, Coliseum. The Coliseum is the largest building in the world that is mostly constructed of travertine. It is one of the natural stones used for paving patios and garden paths Travertine is seen in two categories, travertine limestone or travertine marble. These are the same stone, although travertine is viewed as a type of limestone. The stone is categorized by the holes that may be found in the surface. These effects are naturally made, but could wear and tear over time. Some installers use grout to fill the holes, while others may not want to disturb its natural beauty, also known as “filled or unfilled”. Travertine can also be polished smooth giving it a shiny finish and comes in a variety of colors from grey to coral red. It usually comes in tile sizes, used for installing floors. You could also find travertine used for modern architecture such as, wall cladding or flooring.
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